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basic, elemental; essential
principle, basis, essential; fundamental note, lowest note of a chord (Music)


fundamental
\fun`da*men"tal\ (?), a. [cf. f. fondamental.] pertaining to the foundation or basis; serving for the foundation. hence: essential, as an element, principle, or law; important; original; elementary; as, a fundamental truth; a fundamental axiom. the fundamental reasons of this war. some fundamental antithesis in nature.
fundamental
bass (mus.), the root note of a chord; a bass formed of the roots or fundamental tones of the chords.
fundamental
chord (mus.), a chord, the lowest tone of which is its root.
fundamental
colors, red, green, and violet-blue. see primary colors, under color.
fundamental
\fun"da*men`tal\, n. a leading or primary principle, rule, law, or article, which serves as the groundwork of a system; essential part, as, the fundamentals of the christian faith.
fundamental
adj
1. serving as an essential component; "a cardinal rule"; "the central cause of the problem"; "an example that was fundamental to the argument"; "computers are fundamental to modern industrial structure" [syn: cardinal, central, key, primal]


2. being or involving basic facts or principles; "the fundamental laws of the universe"; "a fundamental incompatibility between them"; "these rudimentary truths"; "underlying principles" [syn: rudimentary, underlying]


3. far-reaching and thoroughgoing in effect especially on the nature of something; "the fundamental revolution in human values that has occurred"; "the book underwent fundamental changes"; "committed the fundamental error of confusing spending with extravagance"; "profound social changes" [syn: profound]
n : the lowest tone of a harmonic series [syn: fundamental frequency , first harmonic]




  similar words(3) 

 fundamental chord 
 fundamental colors 
 fundamental bass 

Fundamental may refer to:
  • Foundation of reality
  • Fundamental frequency, as in music or phonetics, often referred to as simply a "fundamental"
  • Fundamentalism, the belief in, and usually the strict adherence to, the simplistic or "fundamental" ideas based on faith of a system of thought
  • The Fundamentals, a set of books important to Christian fundamentalism
  • Any of a number of fundamental theorems identified in mathematics, such as:
    • The fundamental theorem of algebra, awe theorem regarding the factorization of polynomials
    • The fundamental theorem of arithmetic, a theorem regarding prime factorization
  • Fundamental analysis, a method that uses financial and economic analysis to predict the movement of security prices such as bond prices, but more commonly stock prices

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Noun
1. the lowest tone of a harmonic series
(synonym) fundamental frequency, first harmonic
(hypernym) harmonic
Adjective
1. serving as an essential component; "a cardinal rule"; "the central cause of the problem"; "an example that was fundamental to the argument"; "computers are fundamental to modern industrial structure"
(synonym) cardinal, central, key, primal
(similar) important, of import
2. being or involving basic facts or principles; "the fundamental laws of the universe"; "a fundamental incompatibility between them"; "these rudimentary truths"; "underlying principles"
(synonym) rudimentary, underlying
(similar) basic
3. far-reaching and thoroughgoing in effect especially on the nature of something; "the fundamental revolution in human values that has occurred"; "the book underwent fundamental changes"; "committed the fundamental error of confusing spending with extravagance"; "profound social changes"
(synonym) profound
(similar) significant, important


The lowest frequency in a complex sound wave.



The first, lowest note of a harmonic series. The Fundamental frequency determines a sound's overall pitch.


(n.)
A leading or primary principle, rule, law, or article, which serves as the groundwork of a system; essential part, as, the fundamentals of the Christian faith.
   (a.)
Pertaining to the foundation or basis; serving for the foundation. Hence: Essential, as an element, principle, or law; important; original; elementary; as, a fundamental truth; a fundamental axiom.
  

nen-, nenik


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Basal.

Of a periodic wave, the sinusoidal component, i.e., Fourier component, having the lowest frequency. Note: Every periodic waveform may be expressed as the summation of the fundamental and its harmonics. For example, a square wave may be expressed as the summation of sine waves equal in frequency to the fundamental and all odd harmonics, each frequency having an appropriate amplitude and phase. A pure sinusoidal wave has only one component, i.e., the fundamental. Contrast with harmonic, overtone.

This word is applied to those laws and rights which are most important; the foundation of society. Those laws by which the exercise of power is restrained and regulated are fundamental. The Constitution of the United States is the fundamental law of the land.
   

This entry contains material from Bouvier's Legal Dictionary, a work published in the 1850's.


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